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Satthusasana Sutta: To Upali, A Concise Teaching
The Satthusana Sutta is a concise sutta presented to a monk well-versed in the Buddha’s teachings. He has developed understanding of Dependent Origination  and Four Noble Truths.  He has integrated the framework of the Eightfold Path.  Through Upali’s integration of the Eightfold Path, he has developed skillful insight into Three Marks of Existence.  Here the Buddha is teaching Upali Refined Mindfulness – what to hold in mind and what to dismiss. A skillful understanding of the Buddha’s Dhamma clearly shows that it is as important to understand what to dismiss from mindfulness as it is what to hold in mind – the eight factors of the Eightfold Path.
Satthusasana Sutta: To Upali
Anguttara Nikaya 7.79
One day the Venerable Upali asked the Buddha: “Please provide a concise teaching on your Dhamma so that I may continue to develop understanding in seclusion, free of distraction, ardent, alert, with skillful determination.”
“Upali, you know those qualities of mind that do not lead to utter disenchantment, to dispassion, to cessation, to calm, to direct knowledge, to self-awakening, nor to unbinding from self-referential views rooted in ignorance of Four Noble Truths. Be mindful that these qualities are not the Dhamma and they are not the Vinaya. These are not the Teacher’s instruction.
“The qualities of mind that you know that lead to utter disenchantment, to dispassion, to cessation, to calm, to direct knowledge, to self-awakening, to unbinding from self-referential views rooted in ignorance of Four Noble Truths. Be mindful that these qualities are the Dhamma and they are the Vinaya. These are your Teacher’s instruction.”
End Of Sutta
My Dhamma articles and talks are based on the Buddha's teachings (suttas) as preserved in the Sutta Pitaka, the second book of the Pali Canon. I have relied primarily on Thanissaro Bhikkhu’s excellent and insightful translation of the Pali generously made freely available at his website Dhammatalks.org, as well as the works of Nyanaponika Thera, John Ireland, Maurice Walsh, Hellmuth Hecker, and Sister Khema, among others, as preserved at Access To Insight.
Also, I have found Bhikkhu Bodhi's translations from Wisdom Publications Pali Canon Anthologies to be most informative and an excellent resource.
I have made contextual edits to the suttas from these sources for further clarity, to modernize language, to minimize repetition, and maintain relevance to Dependent Origination and Four Noble Truths.
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